Township: West Hynish

Map Reference: West Hynish 78

Name Type:

Meaning: Dig ScG 'ditch'

The first element is very common in Norway and the Norse expansion zone. There is a Calligeo on North Uist (SP), and a Calback in Delting, Shetland (Sigmundsson, in Gammeltoft et al., 2005, 214); Kalle- and Kaller- are common in Norway, for example Kallervika in Lurøy, Norway (NG); there is a Kalle, a Kallevik and a Kalleberg in OR. The specific may be:
• ON kald 'cold': /ld/ is often assimilated (see Glossary) to /ll/, as in Calbost (Gammeltoft 2001, 106). Jakobsen derives Kaldbak, Unst, as 'the cold mountain side' (Jakobsen 1936, 21). Kald- is a common farm name in Norway, as in Kaldefoss (OR); Kaldbakken in Oslo derives from kald (NS); there are several examples of Kaldbakur in Iceland (Sigmundsson, in Gammeltoft et al., 2005, 214 and SAM), and there are several examples of Kaldakinn as a farm name in Iceland (SAM); and there is a Kaldbak in the Faroe Islands. These features are presumably either windswept or often in the shade. There is an ScG Am Poll Fuar 'the cold pool' in Cornaigmore
• ON kelda (genitive keldu) 'well, spring' (CV, 335). There is a Keldie on Papa Westray, Orkney and a Keldar on Fetlar, Shetland (SP); Keldaback on Rousay derives from kelda (Marwick 1995 (1947), 59); while there are two examples of Keldur, and Keld- occurs seven times as a specific, among farm names in Iceland (SAM). A nearby well, known today as ScG Tobar Mhoire 'the well of the Virgin Mary', is an important pre-Reformation ecclesiastical site. The phonetic development e > a has not otherwise been seen on Tiree
The generic is ON hryggr ‘back; ridge’ (Sandnes 2010a, 237). Hryggur occurs five times as a generic in Iceland, for example Galtahryggur (SAM).

Other Forms:

Related Places:

Information:All the township rubbish was dumped there in a long hollow at the back of the Bail' Ùr.

Local Form:

Languages : Gaelic

Informants: David McClounnan, Balephuil, 10/1996