Township: Heanish,Scarinish

Map Reference: Heanish 35

Name Type: shore

Meaning: Heanish | This coastal gully marks the modern boundary between Heanish and Scarinish crofting townships. The sinuous turf and stone dyke shown on the 1768 Turnbull Map between the two townships can also still be seen terminating here.

This place-name is a pure Gaelic construction, and is evidence that the ounceland system cast a long shadow over the medieval Tiree landscape.
ScG unga is an unusual element elsewhere among Scottish Gaelic place-names; one example may be Cnoc an Ungaidh in Harris (SP). There are no names containing unga in Bute or Carloway.

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Information:An ounceland (Scottish Gaelic: unga) is a traditional Scottish land measurement. It was found in the West Highlands, and Hebrides. In Eastern Scotland, other measuring systems were used instead. It was equivalent to 20 pennylands or one eighth of a markland. Like those measurements, it is based on the rent paid, rather than the actual land area. It was also known as a "tirung" (from Scottish Gaelic: tir-unga), or a dabhach (same as daugh), which is a term of Pictish origin, also used in the east of Scotland too, but for a different measurement. The “ounceland” is thought to be of Norse origin, so it is possible that Norse (‘ounceland’) and native systems (dabhach) were conflated in the west Wikipedia entry.



Local Form:

Languages : Gaelic

Informants: Angus Munn, Heanish, 6/1995