Township: Hynish

Map Reference: Hynish 31

Name Type:

Meaning: This may be a Gaelic coinage from the adjective ScG mòr ‘large’ and the loan word cleit ‘rock’ < ON klettr. However, it is smaller than the other two hills. In addition, ScG mòr is relatively rare in an initial position, occurring in purely Gaelic names in Mor Eilean, Assynt; Mor Laggan, Kilmonivaig; Mor Shron, Braemar; and Mor Mhonadh, Lochs (SP). It does not occur in this initial position in the Carloway collection (Cox 2002b, 410). Interestingly, two of the seven Mor-initial names on SP occur on Tiree (see also Moireabhal or Mor-Mheall).
Mòr Chleit on Tiree is more likely to be derived from ON mjór ‘narrow...tapering... in local names...Mjó-sund’ (CV, 433). This is topographically very plausible. The well-known Shetland place-name Mavis Grind derives from mjór-eiðs grind ‘gate of the narrow isthmus’, as do a number of other Shetland names, such as three examples of Mioness (SP); a Norwegian farm name is Mjovassæteren (OR); Mjosundet in Norway is derived from mjór sund ‘the narrow sound’ (NS); and the element occurs in several Icelandic farm names, such as three examples of Mjóanes (SAM). The generic is ON klettr ‘rock’. The whole name has then been gaelicised by substituting ScG mòr ‘large’ for ON mjór ‘tapering’, and leniting the second element, /k/ > /ch/.

Other Forms: An Cleit Mòr - WL

The OS gives the following: Cleit Mhòr furthest away from the sea; Cleit Bheag in the middle; and Mòr Chleit at the shore.

ONB p244-5 gives the same, with the fort on Cleit Bheag.

Related Places:

Information:

Local Form:

Languages : Gaelic

Informants: Willie Lamont, Mannal, 9/1995

Informant 2: OS