Township: (Rubha) Craignis,Hough

Map Reference: Craignish 1

Name Type: fort

Meaning: The form Hainis could have developed from Haingis following /g/-deletion. This is common: for example in the change in historical, and some northern dialects of, English from 'singer' with a stopped /g/ to modern English without. There are at least four possibilities for the specific:
• OI angr 'bay, firth ... frequently in Norse local names (never in Iceland), e.g. Staf-angr' (CV, 21) is the derivation for Hangran in Norway (NS); there is an Angenes in Flekkefjord, Norway (NG); and Anghamar is a settlement name in the Faroe Islands (KO)
• ON hani (genitive hana) 'cock or rooster', 'hence in local names Hana-tún' (CV, 239), the derivation for Hana and Hanasund in Norway (NS)
• The male ON personal name Hani (Jakobsen 1936, 151). Hansnes occurs eight times in Norway (NG)
• ON tangi 'spit of land': Tangeneset occurs four times in Norway (NG). See chapter 17
The generic is ON nes ‘promontory’.
Han- is a common specific in the Norse expansion zone, with Hanisgeir on Barra (Stahl 1999, 210), Hannatoft on Shapinsay, and Hang Geo in South Ronaldsay, Orkney, and Hannigarth on Unst, Shetland (SP); there is a Hannes in Lenvik, Norway (NG); there is a Hanes in OR; and Hanhóll is a farm name in Iceland (SAM).

Other Forms:

Dùn Hanais - OS

ONB p. 85 gives Hanais with Hannish crossed out.

Dùn Hainis - Sandy MacKinnon (Sandaidh Ghobhainn), Kilkenneth, 11/1993

Dùn Haingis - Alasdair Sinclair, Greenhill, 11/1993; Donald Kennedy (Dòmhnall Eachainn), Balevullin, 9/1994

Related Places:

Information:There are seven graves there - Sandy MacKinnon (Sandaidh Ghobhainn), Kilkenneth, 6/1996.

These graves come from the wreck of the Artois which was wrecked in 1830 - Angus MacLean, Scarinish, 5/1997.

The captain of the Artois was Ewan Edwards - Donald MacKinnon (Donald the Plumber), Sandaig, 6/1997.

In a Baptist Chapel graveyard near Cardigan in West Wales (Penybryn Baptists): "... Also of OWEN WILLIAMS, Son of the above [Stephen Williams 1777-1832], late Master of the Schooner Artuoise, who was shipwrecked near the Island of Tyre [sic] and buried at Kilmichalog [sic] in the Highlands of Scotland Nov 20th 1830, aged 28 years." The "Artuoise" was a schooner of about 100 tons, built in 1823 and registered in Cardigan and certainly lost in 1830. The Williams family were shareholders in the vessel and were curriers in and around Cardigan for several generations. Simon Carter, pers. comm.

Local Form:

Languages : Norse, Gaelic

Informants: Donald Kennedy (Dòmhnall Eachainn), Balevullin, 9/1994

Informant 2: Sandy MacKinnon (Sandaidh Ghobhainn), Kilkenneth, 11/1993

Informant 3: Alasdair Sinclair, Greenhill, 11/1993