Township: Greenhill

Map Reference: Greenhill 14

Name Type: agricultural

Meaning: With just one oral source for this name, we must proceed cautiously. However, this is a Norse name in ON dalr ‘valley or piece of ground’. The specific is more opaque, polysyllabic names being often difficult to reconstruct (see section 17.6). There are at least three possible reconstructions:
• ON ekra 'acre, cornfield' (CV, 125) after metathesis. Ekredalen occurs seven times in Norway (NG), and Ekra occurs twice as a farm name in Iceland (SAM). However, the phonetic development from e > o would be irregular
• The common male ON personal name Eiríkr usually contains the genitive morpheme /s/, as in the Icelandic farm name Eiríksbúð (SAM), but Rygh has one farm name without it, Erikbakken (OR), and this construction is not uncommon (Macniven 2015, 39). Þorbrandur örrek was an early settler, and Örreksheiðr was a place-name at the start of Icelandic settlement (Landnámabók 1900, 65 and 322)
• A transfer name from Sør-Trøndelag county, Norway, where there is an Orkdal (ON Orkardalr). The specific, in this case, comes from a river name

Other Forms:

Related Places:


Local Form:

Languages : Norse

Informants: Alasdair Sinclair, Greenhill, 5/1994