Township: Greenhill

Map Reference: Greenhill 14

Name Type: agricultural

Meaning: The specific is opaque, with a scarcity of source forms. In addition, polysyllabic names are often difficult to reconstruct (see 17.6).
There are at least three possible reconstructions:
• ON ekra ‘acre, cornfield’ (CV, 125) with metathesis. Ekredalen occurs seven times in Norway (NG), and Ekra occurs twice as a farm name in Iceland (SAM)
• The common male ON personal name Eiríkr usually contains the genitive morpheme /s/, as in the Icelandic farm name Eiríksbúð (SAM), but Rygh has one farm name without it, Erikbakken (OR), and this formation is not uncommon (Macniven 2015, 39)
• A transfer name from Sør-Trøndelag county, Norway, where there is an Orkdal (ON Orkardalr). The specific, in this case, comes from a river name
The generic is ON dalr ‘valley or piece of ground’.

Other Forms:

Related Places:

Information:

Local Form:

Languages : Norse

Informants: Alasdair Sinclair, Greenhill, 5/1994