Township: Gott

Map Reference: Gott 1

Name Type: watercourse

Meaning: Most forms contain no Gaelic definite article. It has been semanticised by Gregorson Campbell as ScG riadh 'snare' (Dwelly). Other possibilities are ScG riaghan 'gallows' (Dwelly), or ScG riadhan 'temporary passage for water to run in' (Dwelly). The loch was partially drained in the eighteenth century: 'By the appearance of the descent [from Loch Kirkapol], and a trial the factor caused the tenants to make some years ago of draining it in order to get peats, there seems to be no difficulty in draining effectually.' (Turnbull Report 1768)
This is an unusual name in Scotland, with just a Meall Riaghain in Ardchattan (derived from ScG riaghan 'swinging': OS1/2/52/48), a Rudha Riadhain in Snizort, Skye, and an Abhuinn an Riadhain, North Uist (SP).
Another possibility is that it is a Norse name, from ON hryggr masc. 'a mountain ridge' (CV, 288) with the post-positioned bound definite article > hrygginn 'the ridge'. The area is known today as An Druim Dearg 'the red ridge'. Although hryggr has a plosive /g/, the phonetic development y > i-a is well attested (see section 17.4.2.1).
There is a Rudha Riadhain on Skye, and an Abhuinn an Riadhain on North Uist (SP); Riggen is a place-name in South Ronaldsay, Orkney, 'a small rocky headland' (SP: OS1/23/20/293); Ryggen occurs thirteen times as a place-name in Norway (NG); Ryggir is a settlement name in the Faroe Islands (KO); while Hryggir and Hryggur are two farm names in Iceland (SAM).

Other Forms: Loch Kirkabol - The map MVLA INSVLA in the Atlas of Scotland, Atlas Novus, by Joan Blaeu, 1654. These maps were largely based on work by Timothy Pont who mapped Scotland between 1583 and 1596. NLS, 123.

Loch Kirkapoll - The Turnbull Map of Tiree 1768 and accompanying survey text.

Loch Riaghain - ONB p126, significance "Loch of the Snare."

Loch an Riadhain - Na Baird Thirisdeach, ed. Rev Hector Cameron, An Comunn Thirisdeach, 1932, p263.


Related Places:

Information:"Easgannan a Loch an Riadhain," - Na Baird Thirisdeach, ed. Rev Hector Cameron, An Comunn Thirisdeach, 1932, p263.

A band of "Vikings" came to stay on a house on an island in Loch a' Riadhain while the man of the house was away. They stayed for a week and then left taking away his wife and three children and setting fire to the house - as told to Donald MacDoald, Heanish by Isabella MacIntyre, Gott while haymaking in 1951. In 1955 it was a very dry summer and Danny Gillespie was digging out An Dig Mhòr when he came accross burnt looking pieces of wood - DMcD, 9/1995 and 3/1997. Confirmed by Rosie and Babs MacIntyre, Gott, 4/1997.

There were two islands in the loch when he was a boy in the 1930s. He nicknamed them 'Coll' and 'Tiree'. There is 'charcoal' west of An Tobhta Glas - DMcI.

Local Form:

Languages : Norse, Gaelic

Informants: Donald MacIntyre, Gott, 12/1995

Informant 2: OS