Township: An Àird a Deas,Caolas

Map Reference: Ardeas 30

Name Type: sea

Meaning: The medial plosive consonant /k/ has, unusually, developed into the fricative /ch/, possibly under the influence of a strong pre-aspiration: /-ihk/. There are at least two possible reconstructions for the specific:
• ON kríkr (genitive kríks), a side-form of krókr 'hook, anything crooked' (CV, 356), often used to describe landscape features, such as a curve in a shoreline or at boundaries or remote places (Berit Sandnes, pers. comm.; NS). This is extremely topographically appropriate at the southeastern corner of Tiree. Krikken occurs thirteen times, and there is a Kriksdal and two examples of Kroksdalen in Norway (NG); Krikasandur is a settlement name in the Faroe Islands (KO); while Króksdalr was an early settlement name in Iceland (Landnámabók 1900, 305)
• OI kræki-lyng 'crowberry (Empetrum nigrum)' (CV, 357). Today, this plant is found on Coll and Gunna but not Tiree (Pearman and Preston 2000, 82), but its distribution may well have been more extensive in the medieval period when grazing pressure was less intense. Empetrum pollen was found in peat around Dùn Mòr Bhalla, Vaul (MacKie 1974, 205; Wicks 2012, 173). This part of Caolas is largely rocky and presents a suitable habitat (see Raonabol). Crowberries, known as 'arctic berries' or sometimes pissbær, are still eaten in Norway, and are also used as a diuretic in traditional medicine. This element, however, is not commonly found in place-names: Krækling occurs four times in Norway, where there is also a Kræklingheia (NG); and there is a Kræklingahlíð in Iceland (SAM)
The generic is either ON dalr 'area of land' or st?ðull 'milking place'

Other Forms: Creachasdal Mòr - ONB p 124, with Crachisdale crossed out.

Related Places:


Local Form:

Languages : Norse, Gaelic

Informants: OS